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Environmental training

Attitude training

in Environmental training

“Who is going to win? I am going to win!” Whatever your sport, there are three levels of training. First, you train to be fit enough to take part, then you train hard enough to be competitive, and after that, if you are good enough, you train to be the best – international level. Put... MORE

Altitude versus sea level

in Environmental training

Why has the progression of world records slumped since endurance athletes began training at altitude? During the years between 1956 and 1968, no endurance runner gave a thought to training in Boulder, Albuquerque, the French Alps, the mountains near Mexico City, or in any of the currently popular moderate- to high-altitude training sites. In spite... MORE

Altitude training effects

in Environmental training

Is altitude training a waste of time and money? The effects of training and, more recently, sleeping at high altitude on athletic performance have been studied in the West for more than 30 years. During that time, these practices have become an almost essential aspect of the preparation of world-class competitors. Yet the evidence base... MORE

Altitude training: can it help endurance athletes reach new...

in Environmental training

Pre-competition altitude training has long been used as strategy to enhance performance in endurance athletes. But how much does altitude training really help and can athletes reap the same benefits from simulated altitude training? Belle Roels and Grégoire Millet look at the latest evidence The popular belief that altitude training enhances endurance has probably arisen... MORE

Altitude training

in Environmental training

If altitude training doesn’t work, then why are the Kenyan runners so quick? Scientific research has been extremely unkind to a very popular form of training – altitude training. As scientists have consistently pointed out, training at altitude usually leads to decreased power outputs (slower running speeds, more lethargic cycling velocities, etc.) during workouts, leading... MORE

Acclimatisation: A competitive strategy to combat heat

in Environmental training

Clare Miller discusses strategies to stay cool when the heat is on… Sustained hard exercise in a hot environment presents a greater challenge to the body’s homoeostatic mechanisms than any other situation. The combination of a high rate of metabolic heat production and a restricted capacity for heat dissipation leads to hyperthermia (high body temperature),... MORE

Hot weather exercise

in Environmental training

What’s the key to hot-weather exercise? Produce ” weaker” sweat. Athletes who can exercise at moderately high intensities for 90 minutes under mild weather conditions can usually only last 60-80 minutes as the air temperature and/or humidity increase. Part of the problem is that skin temperature stays at about 35 degrees Centigrade during exercise. As... MORE

High Altitude Training

in Environmental training

The best place in the world to train is in Finland. As we’ve reported many times in PEAK PERFORMANCE, living at altitude is great for the endurance athlete. Moderate to high-altitude living increases red-blood-cell concentrations, allowing more oxygen to reach the muscles during exercise, and also hikes the levels of an important chemical called 2.3-DPG,... MORE

Alititude performance

in Environmental training

If you are very fit, big and male, you will suffer more at altitude. Previous studies have shown that at an altitude greater than 1000m, VO2 max decreases. However, there is a large individual variation in the actual decrement in aerobic power. This latest study investigated a large sample of subjects with a wide range... MORE

Humidity and Performance

in Environmental training

I am an aged veteran sprinter, a poor stayer at any distance beyond 200m. I am often to be found trying to run a slow mile. However, my experiences might show up factors that apply to the top runners too, although they may not be aware of them. Take the recent London Marathon, in which... MORE


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