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Techniques

The drop depth jump: a plyometric exercise to increase...

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In Brief The depth jump is a plyometric exercise that almost all athletes can benefit from. Main muscles involved: quadriceps (thigh), hamstrings, glutes (buttocks), calf muscles. Joint motion: ankle extension, knee extension, hip extension. Sports applicability: running (sprinting, middle and long distances), all running and jumping based sports such as tennis, football, basketball and high... MORE

Why pedalling fast is more efficient for the cyclist

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Cycling training: research shows cyclists should aim for fast pedalling rates on both flat and inclined routes Elsewhere we have explained that cyclists are usually more efficient on both hills and flat terrain when they pedal quickly (at about 80-85 rpm) rather than at slower cadences. Now, a newly published paper suggests that the greater... MORE

Cycling aerodynamics: don’t let drag ruin your cycling performance

in Techniques

Whether you’re riding against the clock in a time trial, or competing in a long-distance stage race or triathlon, you need to understand aerodynamic drag in order to beat it. Cycling coach Joe Beer explains all and presents some fascinating findings on cycling aerodynamics, including his own recently collected data. Cycling is a sport where... MORE

Cycling position

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The best position for untrained cyclists The near horizontal ‘aero position’ adopted by competitive cyclists to combat the effects of wind resistance may put untrained cyclists at a disadvantage, according to a new study from Canada.  The small-scale study was set up to compare cardiovascular and ventilatory variables in upright and aero cycle ergometers at... MORE

Cycling biomechanics

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The biomechanics of safe and effective cycling performance at all ability levels A key objective of sports biomechanics is to improve performance while reducing the incidence of injury, and knowledge of the biomechanics of cycling can benefit recreational, competitive and rehabilitating cyclists alike.  The study of cycling biomechanics has provided some understanding of how the... MORE

Respiratory training: why your breathing muscles matter for endurance

in Techniques

Owen Anderson explains why training your breathing muscles can boost running performance Inspiring thoughts: will training your breathing muscles boost your performance? Is it OK to give you one more thing to worry about in connection with your training? You are already working diligently to optimise the capacities of your cardiovascular and neuromuscular systems as... MORE

Can vibration training enhance sports performance?

in Techniques

All shook up Although vibration training has been around for 40 years, the potential benefits for sportsmen and women have only recently begun to be properly researched. John Shepherd takes a look at the latest thinking on this training methodology and in particular, examines the role that vibration training may play in enhancing speed, power... MORE

Low back pain in cycling

in Techniques

Cyclists with low-back pain should now adjust their saddles As many as 70% of regular cyclists suffer from cervical, dorsal, or lumbar back pain, suggesting that there is something about cycling which is not good for backs. To find out whether adjustments in biking posture might reduce the incidence of back problems in cyclists, researchers... MORE

Fast pedalling

in Techniques

Why fast pedalling makes cyclists more efficient RECENTLY we reported that cyclists are usually more efficient on both hills and flat terrain when they pedal quickly (at about 80-85 rpm) rather than at slower cadences. Now, a new study suggests that the greater efficiency may be related to the rapid rate at which glycogen is... MORE

Quantifying intensity

in Techniques

How to use heart rate to quantify your fitness training intensity Articles in PP often detail elite and complex aerobic training methods to boost endurance performance, VO2max and lactate threshold. These articles typically refer to target training intensities and heart rates to achieve, say, a new 10K or marathon best; they recommend high-intensity training, with... MORE


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